The Triangular Feedback Framework: A better way to give B2B content feedback


Are you a B2B marketing manager or editor? Chances are you’re giving feedback wrongly. You'll find a better way (and framework) for giving your team content feedback in this guide.

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The Triangular Feedback Framework

November 17, 2021

Happy Tuesday!

Feedback. 

That’s almost the bane of any writer’s existence.

When I started out on this career path, I dreaded feedback from my editors and marketing managers. However, I’ve grown a thicker skin and now see it for what it is…a chance to get better.

As Patrick Stafford, Co-CEO, UX Writers Collective, noted

“Feedback is a surgeon’s scalpel – it hurts but ultimately it makes you better.”

Feedback is essential to all B2B content teams. James Thornton, Editor & Content Lead at Typeform, was right when he said:

“Constant feedback is the cornerstone of a great writing team.”

I mean, every great piece of content or copy first went through some rigorous edits, before they got released to the target audience.

However, the art of giving effective feedback that serves its intended purpose is lost to so many editors. Most times, editors and marketing directors, albeit well-meaning, give feedback wrongly.

And this affects how content creators receive their feedback.

Like everything else, you must learn how to give constructive criticisms. Aaron Vansintjan, Co-Editor at Uneven Earth wrote

“Giving feedback, like writing, is not easy. It takes practice and time, and it’s tiring.” 

Now, what’s the right way to give your B2B SaaS writing and marketing team feedback, you ask?

Great question! 

That’s what I’ll cover in this article. I’ll show you how to use a process called The Triangular Feedback Framework to review your copywriters’ and content writers’ work. You’ll see the importance of having an effective feedback system like the one we have here at VEC, and how it simplifies giving feedback.

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Ready?

Amazing. Read on to get right into the flow, or click on a sub-title (below or to your right 👉👉) to navigate this guide.  

The Problem with How Managers Give Feedback 

Let me paint this scenario.

Ben is the CMO of a growth stage SaaS startup, and he has assembled a marketing team, of which Jenny is a content marketer. Now, Jenny’s main role is to publish long-form articles weekly on the company’s blog. 

Right before an article go up on the blog, however, either Ben or an editor in the marketing team must approve it. 

But, Ben notices whenever he gives his wholesome thoughts on blogs, Jenny gets this look on her face. It’s the angry look of…

“You’re ruining everything!”

Ben knows Jenny is open to feedback. So he’s quite confused on why she gets devastated when he gives what he sees as helpful criticisms on the final draft of the content.

And therein lies the problem.

Ben is giving constructive feedback, but at the wrong stage of the writing project. 

You see, the writer-editor relationship is a delicate one. 

On the one hand, most writers are sensitive, and their written words are very personal to them. So they take feedback to heart.

On the other hand, editors don’t know they’re supposed to give different types of feedback at different times.

The resulting effect is giving feedback that makes you sound like a jerk. Very easily, editors and content marketing managers cross the line from providing constructive and helpful criticism, to destructive criticism. 

Kieran Tie, Editor-at-Large, and Founder of Chatty, an editing service tool, tweeted:

“Deep and honest feedback is the best way to improve your writing. But for editors, it’s hard to know whether our comments are helpful or if we’re just being overly harsh jerks.”

Telling a writer who is at the finishing stages of a project to change the direction or switch up the idea behind the content/copy is a recipe for disaster. Doing this makes writers closed off to feedback from you. Such feedback is better suited at the start of the project

I’ve experienced scenarios like the above as a writer.

And let me tell you: It’s demoralizing. 

Learning from my experience, and from how, Victor Eduoh, the Lead Strategist at VEC, gives feedback in our B2B storytelling studio, I conceptualized a better way managers & editors could provide feedback…

The Triangular Feedback Framework.

What’s this framework all about?

Find out below…

The Triangular Feedback Framework: Foundational – Course Correction – In-Line Edits

The principle of this framework is:

Give constructive criticism at THE RIGHT TIME.

You see, when writing a piece of content or copy, there are roughly three stages:

  1. The ideation and outline stage,
  2. The research and 1st draft stage, and
  3. The finishing touches stages.

So this framework aims at giving specific types of feedback at each of these stages. No feedback should be carried over to the next stage because it will neutralize its efficacy.

I developed the Triangular Feedback Framework after studying how Brennan McEachran, CEO & Co-founder of Hypercontext, and Robleh Jama, Founder of Tinyheartsapp give feedback to their design and project teams. They named their approach 10/50/99% and ‘99/50/1’ respectively. Others have named it 10/60/90.

However, I designed and adapted the Triangular Feedback Framework specifically for content creation and writing teams. As you’ll soon see, it’s a good way for B2B marketing managers and editors to provide effective feedback. 

Here’s a graphic depicting how this framework works:

The Triangular Feedback Framework

Without further ado, let’s jump right into the mechanics of the framework.

Foundational Stage 

The Foundational Stage is the first stage of any writing project. It’s the baseline. It is where the idea and strategy of the content are developed, the direction and target audience are clarified, and so on:

Feedback on StoryBrief & Outline

Chip Heath & Dan Heath, Authors of Switch: How to Change Things When Change Is Hard said:

“To spark movement in a new direction, you need to provide crystal-clear guidance.”

And so it is in the world of SaaS content marketing and copywriting. You must provide clear guidance at the beginning of every new project. It’s crucial to give feedback at this stage, as it will shape the entire content or copy.

 If you don’t give reviews at this stage, it will be quite unfair to complain about the direction, strategy, or idea of the project later on and have the writer change it. 

Therefore, before your writers write a word, have them send over a StoryBrief (or content brief) & Outline. This will help you see the writer’s thought process and intentions for the piece, and make corrections if need be.

A StoryBrief (as coined by Victor Eduoh) & Outline is part of what makes up VEC’s great feedback process.

For context, we craft Product-Led Stories for B2B SaaS & VC companies. And we do this with StoryBriefs as the foundation of each piece. In a short while, I’ll show you a sample of an approved VEC StoryBrief & Outline. 

For now, let’s look at…

Feedback To Give At The Foundational Stage

When reviewing a StoryBrief & Outline or content brief, if that’s what you’re still using, check if it answers the questions below:

  • Is the brief aimed at producing a content piece that solves a real problem for your target audience?
  • Is the idea behind the project great?
  • How does this content fit into your company’s broader content and business strategy?
  • What customer journey stage does this piece fit in? TOFU, MOFU, or BOFU?
  • Is the proposed word count too little or too much?
  • If the topic has been well written about by others, is the writer coming from a fresh and unique angle?

These are just a few of the questions to guide you in providing foundational reviews. 

If the brief & outline don’t address these questions, let the writer know.

This is because the foundational stage is where you can make substantive edits, and even change or scrap the project if necessary.

However, what about…

Feedback NOT to give at the Foundational Stage

Since the writer hasn’t written the first draft yet, you can’t give any kind of feedback away from the context of the StoryBrief & Outline submitted.

Here’s a sample of an approved StoryBrief & Outline of mine with the feedback provided:

Feedback on StoryBrief & Outline
Real feedback on a draft of mine.

Course Correction Stage

The Course Correction stage.

As the name suggests, this is where you correct the course (if need be) of the project:

Feedback on first draft

So here, your writer has submitted the 1st draft of the writing project. Note, I said 1st draft. Meaning the writing is not yet perfect, and still needs a lot of work. Like Leigh Shulman, Writer, Author, and Mentor said

“Treat the writing as a work in progress.”

Leigh further said because the work isn’t a complete project,  

“It’s like there will be at least a few rough spots.”

Interestingly, this stage is what most people picture when they think ‘Editing’. This is because certain elements like the flow of the content, or the execution of the idea are reviewed in this stage.  

What are things you should look out for and comment on? 

Feedback To Give At The Course Correction Stage

  • Is the vision and direction of the project as agreed upon at the foundational stage?
  • Is the idea and strategy well executed? Does it solve the problem it promised to solve in the foundational stage?
  • Are the sentences and paragraphs well constructed, concise and meaningful? Or can some words, and sentences be removed to make the content better?
  • Is the content flow and transitions seamless?
  • What about the message of the writing? Is it well passed across?
  • Check the images and screenshots used. Are they good enough?
  • Is the content/copy punchy and engaging to read?
  • Is the tone and style of the writing appropriate for the target audience?
  • What part of the content do you think the message will be made clearer with an original design concept? Suggest them.
  • Is the piece well introduced to whet the appetite of the reader?

Want to see the kind of feedback provided on the first draft of a Product-Led Storytelling content of mine?

Check this out:

Feedback on first draft
Real Course Correction feedback on a draft of mine.

However, what shouldn’t you comment on?

Feedback NOT to give at the Course Correction Stage

Don’t get nitpicky and obsessive over grammatical or structural errors here. Also, you shouldn’t comment on issues like the content’s overall design and outlook. Remember, it’s not finished yet.

And finally…

In-line Edits Stage 

And now, we’re there. 

The final step of the Triangular Feedback Framework – the last chance for you to give feedback:

Feedback on final draft

This is where you let out your inner grammatical geek loose and get nitpicky with spelling and grammar.

Why now?

Your writer has submitted their final draft, 99% of the work is done, and it is just ready to be published. So you have to make sure it is in as perfect condition as possible.

Basically, this is the In-line Editing stage

Feedback To Give At The In-Line Edits Stage

  • Is it grammatical errors, and plagiarism-free? 
  • Are the sentences and paragraphs well spaced in a wave-like fashion to provide a better user reading experience?
  • Is the content well-optimized for its target distribution channel (SEO, Social, Community, etc).?
  • Did the writer follow all the guidelines in your style guide like font size, style, etc.?
  • Is the writing conversational enough?
  • Read the content aloud from the top. Did you catch any errant phrase, wording, or sentence? 
  • Is the overall content interesting to read while serving its intended purpose?
  • Look at the original designs created. Are they supplementing the content in passing across a message?
  • Are the stats and data used recent enough?

Also, watch out for passive voices, a lot of adverbs, and make sure the content contains bucket brigades that help in improving content flow. 

Like this paragraph 😂 

On the other hand, let’s look at…

Feedback NOT to give at the In-line Edits Stage

Any foundational or inline review. You shouldn’t tell the writer to switch the direction of the content, reduce/increase the word count, or rewrite sections. 

Those boats have sailed.

Remember the golden rule of The Triangular Feedback Framework: 

Don’t carry over feedback from one stage to another.

Try as much as possible to give feedback to your writing team in those three stages, and I guarantee your writers’ and content creators’ work will only get better and better.

I say so because of how everything comes together:

The Triangular Feedback Framework
The Triangular Feedback Framework

Earlier on, I mentioned something about having an effective feedback system like the one here at VEC. 

Let’s look more at that.

B2B Content Feedback System: Why Is It Important?

First of all, what’s a B2B content feedback system?

You see, in biology and physics, feedback systems are known and recognized. This is because they are responsible for controlling and regulating the human body, or an electronic device. 

The point here is: 

Feedback systems are crucial to humans and machines.

Similarly, in the context of B2B writing, a feedback system works the same way. 

It regulates the process of providing feedback. The different revolving components of the feedback system in your marketing team make the job of content or copy review easier. A lot of what you would usually spend time on will have already been resolved with a great feedback system. 

Kieran Tie even tweeted regarding this: 

Kieran Tie on editing

Having a poor or nonexistent feedback system simply means you’re doing a poor job as an editor. It will also make editing a content piece harder for you.

With a great feedback system, however, you eliminate the need to make a ton of edits you would usually make on a writer’s work. Therefore, setting up an effective feedback system is a necessity for every writing team. 

What does creating a feedback system entail? 

Find out below.

How to Create An Effective B2B Content Feedback System

Here at VEC, our content feedback system consists of four major components. 

These components include:

  • ICP StoryScripts
  • Storybriefs & Outlines
  • Internal QA Form/checklist
  • Style Guide

Let’s briefly look at each of them.

ICP StoryScripts

ICP StoryScripts are like customer personas, only better. It embodies some similarities of a customer persona like demographics. So what makes ICP StoryScripts better than the regular customer personas? 

It is more detailed, practical, and relevant.

The information contained in an ICP StoryScript spans across all the problems your target audience could face. One of our ICPs here at VEC is a SaaS founder we call Zuhailo. Therefore, an ICP StoryScript of him cover problems like: 

Internal problems: Issues within his control, but which has an effect on him and his mental health.

External problems: Problems out of his control, but which affect him, like government policies, competition, pandemics, e.t.c

Design problems: Design or visual-related problems that affect the usability of his product.

Philosophical beliefs: Ideologies and opinions he holds firm about life, business e.t.c

Transformation (before & after): This is the (positive) result Zuhailo anticipates after a certain period of time.

Here’s what it looks like:

SaaS Founders' ICP
A sample ICP StoryScript.

Having ICP StoryScripts will help your writers’ craft SaaS content with relatable stories that speak to specific pain points of the targeted audience. In the end, it reduces your feedback on the writer’s work on issues like improper positioning or wording.

Fancy a sneak peek into the building blocks of research-backed insights we leverage to produce ICP StoryScripts?

Here’s one for a B2B SaaS client of ours: 

ICP StoryScript
Building blocks of ICP StoryScripts

An ICP StoryScript is a useful tool in your B2B content feedback system.

And that’s because in the foundational stage, your writer can clearly state who they’re targeting and the pain points the piece will address. 

We do this for every draft:

ICP StoryScript

StoryBriefs & Outlines

Remember earlier on when I mentioned StoryBriefs & Outlines to you as necessary for providing foundational feedback?

Good.

StoryBriefs & Outlines are also part of what makes up our effective B2B content feedback system. As previously stated, they help editors give foundational feedback, before the 1st draft of the content is written. 

Allie Decker, the Head of Content at Omniscient Digital, calls it “pre-feedback.

StoryBriefs and Outlines here in VEC look something like this:

VEC StoryBrief & Outline
Note: To replicate our StoryBrief & Outline for your content needs, click here and make a copy.

Internal QA Form

The third component of an exceptional B2B content feedback system is an Internal QA Form. The Content Manager at VEC created this form so writers can self-edit their 1st drafts as best as they can before it goes for an In-line Edit or review.  

It helps in drastically reducing the number of edits an Editor makes. 

This checklist is part of what makes editing such a seamless process for us at VEC. What does it look like?

Here’s a sample:

B2B content feedback QA
Note: To see the full version of the VEC Internal QA form and adopt it, click here to make a copy.

Style Guide

Every organization should have a style guide or stylebook, which should be easily accessible to writers before they create the 1st draft of their content/copy.  

As the last component in a feedback arsenal, it is pretty important. 

Why?

Braden Becker, Principal Growth Marketing Manager at HubSpot, gave a response to that:

“Stylebooks enable your writer to refer to this material instead of reaching out to you every time they’re unsure of something. It also allows you to back up any constructive feedback they might be skeptical of directly via official directions they already have in their possession.”

In other words, a style guide will eliminate the need for writers to send you a thousand emails or messages on certain issues. For inspiration on what a style guide should look like, go check out Mailchimp’s style guide. They made it accessible to the public.

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At this point, you should already know how to give better and actionable feedback to your writing team using the Triangular Feedback Framework. You should also know what a feedback system is, and how to create one for your organization. 

What next?

Not much, actually.

There’s just one missing piece of the equation: Rules you should adhere to when providing content feedback. 

And this leads us to the next section…

Constructive Content Feedback Best Practices 

There are some best practices that make providing constructive feedback with the Triangular Feedback Framework a success. 

They are: 

  1. Don’t waste time giving feedback on any content or copy submitted to you. This is because any delay dilutes the quality of the feedback you’ll provide, as you could forget certain critical information that was supposed to be noted.
  1. Give specific and meaningful feedback. I mean, tell the writer exactly what you want to be changed. Don’t give generic feedback like “I just don’t like this.”
  1. Be empathetic when giving feedback. Remember, it is a human that is on the receiving end. And that human has presumably put in a lot of work into that content. This doesn’t mean that you should be too soft or not firm enough. No. Just don’t be rude or harsh. Don’t be a dick.
  1. Be professional. Except if the person is a friend, phrase your wording professionally when giving a review.
  1. If you’re providing a review using a tool like Google Docs, resist the urge to directly edit the work. You might think it’s faster, but it is counterproductive. Instead, make suggestions and highlights of what you want the writer to change or correct. This will help the writer avoid such mistakes in the future.

Be Like Water, Be Flexible

Bruce Lee, Actor and Martial Artist once said

Be water, my friend.”

What did he mean? 

People should be flexible, adapting to situations with ease. How does this relate to marketing and writing? You see, flexibility is a pretty important trait for marketing managers and directors to have.  As a leader, you should be abreast of evolving marketing trends and practices in your industry. 

For instance, in the SaaS industry, a new trend is catching fire.

I’m talking about the Product-led Growth (PLG) model. It is responsible for the massive growth of a lot of companies like Slack, Dropbox, Ahrefs, Calendly, etc. If you don’t know what it is about, check out this Product-led Growth adoption playbook guide for early & growth-stage SaaS.

For the PLG model to succeed, however, certain marketing efforts must push it. One of such efforts that work well for PLG companies is Product-led Storytelling.

What is Product-led Storytelling?

In this OpenView Partners article, our Lead Strategist, Victor Eduoh, defined it as…

“The art & science of crafting discoverable stories, showing (not telling) well-targeted prospects how to overcome specific challenges, WITH your product.”

In other words, it is a SaaS content marketing formula that infuses details about how your product works and customers’ success stories into content pieces.

The end result is story-driven pieces that directly drive product success:

Victor Eduoh Consulting

Want to learn how to craft Product-Led Stories that fire up the demand & growth engine for early and growth-stage SaaS companies? 

Subscribe to the Product-Led Storytelling Newsletter below.

We share vetted insights on crafting stories that earn reads, mindshare, and actually fuels demand for B2B SaaS products.

About the author 

As an introvert, the way I express myself is through my written words. I continually hone this skill through constant learning and practice so that you can find great value in what I write.

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